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The Transformation of Huawei: Commentary on Flexibility, Adaptation and Leadership

August 01, 2020

Zhang, Y. (2020). The Transformation of Huawei: Commentary on Flexibility, Adaptation, and Leadership, in Xiaobo Wu, Johann Peter Murmann, Can Huang and Bin Guo (Eds.) The Management Transformation of Huawei: From Humble Beginnings to Global Leadership. Cambridge University Publication Press. Together with Arie Y. Lewin and Liisa Välikangas. ISBN-13: 978-1108426435

Covid 19 and Herd Immunity? The War between the Human and the Virus

March 15, 2020

Zhang, Y. (2020) COVID 19 and Herd Immunity? The War between the Human and the Virus. Harvard Business Review.  Special Issue. forthcoming

Covid-19, Globalization, and Humanity

April 06, 2020

Zhang, Y. (2020) Covid-19, Globalization, and Humanity. Harvard Business Review, China, Special Issue. China Management Mentor Program. April 6, 2020. 

Taking Humanity Into The Equation of Human Intelligence And Artificial Intelligence

February 26, 2020

Zhang, Y. (2020) Human Intelligence, Artificial Intelligence, and Humanity. Harvard Business Review, Special Issue, China Management Mentor Program,  forthcoming

Sustainability Development Goal 9 - Industrial Innovation and Infrastructure

July 08, 2019

[From SDG 17] The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015, provides a shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for people and the planet, now and into the future. At its heart are the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which are an urgent call for action by all countries - developed and developing - in a global partnership. They recognize that ending poverty and other deprivations must go hand-in-hand with strategies that improve health and education, reduce inequality, and spur economic growth – all while tackling climate change and working to preserve our oceans and forests. In this video/lecture, I will discuss how to use innovation to help industry and infrastructure at the SDG level. 

Nothing is More Important Than When You are Inspired and Empowered – An Equality-Based Ecosystem View

March 01, 2019

From the Editor of HCER: Ying Zhang attributes the differentiating factors that have led to Huawei’s success to ideas in Eastern philosophy. After HCER had accepted Ying’s article for publication, Huawei became the subject of an escalating international controversy. In publishing the article, we express no opinion on this controver- sy, except to note that it could be worth asking whether the organizational characteristics Ying’s article describes should have or could have avoided the controversy. At our request, Ying has informed us that the article was neither financed nor supported in any way by Huawei.

The Impact of Positive Affect on Entrepreneurial Motivational Outcomes – A Self-regulatory Perspective

February 18, 2019

We investigate the effect of an overall positive affective state of individuals on motivational—rather than cognitive—outcomes in entrepreneurship. Drawing from a self- regulatory perspective, we emphasize the key role of positive affect in influencing three motivational behaviors in regards to entrepreneurial engagement: direction (intrinsic versus extrinsic orientation), intensity (amount of entrepreneurial effort), and persistence (likelihood of entrepreneurial persistence). We also argue that environmental uncertainty acts as a moderator between positive affect and entrepreneurial motivations. Utilizing a data sample of entrepreneurs from a nationally representative household survey for China, we find support for positive relationships between positive affect on the one hand and intrinsic entrepreneurial orientation and entrepreneurial persistence on the other. We also find support for the hypothesized moderating role of environmental uncertainty regarding these motivational outcomes.

Business and educational entrepreneurship: purpose and future

January 01, 2019

Future of Innovation: a few propositions

October 30, 2018

In this work, I would like to discuss an (imaginable and conscious) possible future of Innovation, by following what we, as humans, have achieved but have concerned about. The paper will focus on innovation in a broader view and argue innovation will create an alternative path for human beings to a new system, and act as an important instrument (besides institutions and the present and transitional system) to resolve tensions between the two spheres of our world (technology and society) and lag between the present and future. This upcoming innovation era could possibly disrupt the resistance of the old set-up of our community and might allow the integration of technology and society to search for the true truth of human identity in this space.


The Way of Huawei is to Inspire & Empower An Equality-based Eco-System View

December 31, 2018

Huawei’[1]s successful catching-up and its enormous leading force in ICT-DT Sector has been a fact without any doubt. The reason of its success is widely discussed by externals, including media, scholars, and practitioners. As a scholar dedicating to understand catching-up, studying on the founders of study targets (such as Huawei and its founder—Mr. REN Zhengfei)’s speeches chronically is very effective to reveal an alternative insight and sense-making.


[1] More information about Huawei, please refer to

Belt Road Initiative (BRI): Views from the Chinese side and European side

May 01, 2018

Though BRI has been acknowledged as a cross-continent project expected to benefit both sides of the world, the tension and misunderstanding, instead, is, still in dominance, particularly for practitioners to act. I would like to propose my view of solutions from theoretical and practical perspectives. My motivation and hope, is, to offer some insights and implications to my audience, in order to facilitate the process of rethinking about our shared traits — particularly human kind's shared traits in difference-but-in-common.

China Business

July 01, 2016

Three years ago, I received an interview from SAGE Knowledge, about China Business. The video is now online. 

 Harvard Economics Review, Fall Issue 

Over the past several decades, education has produced a huge amount of human capital around the world. In this regard, the performance of business education has been outstanding, with ever more business schools producing ever more graduates. However, the trajectory that business education has been on does not seem to lead to what was once seen as its fundamental function. This study examines three questions of business education (1) where they are — the internal and external environment and challenges; (2) who they were — the original roles and functions of business schools; and (3) where they are heading.

Does Firm Innovation Affect Corporate Social Responsibility?

Harvard Business School Working Paper, No. 16-096, February 2016.

Who should be Running Ahead? The Roles of Two Types of Entrepreneurship in China's Contemporary Economy

 Harvard Business School Working Paper, No. 16-086, February 2016.

Shared value with Chinese characteristics, an interview with Shen Guojun, founder, president and CEO of China Yintai

Management Insight. 2015.Oct. 121-129  (English) (Chinese

The Challenges and Enhancing Opportunities of Global Project Management: Evidence from Chinese and Dutch Cross-cultural Project Management

 Harvard Business School Working Paper, No. 15-063, February 2015.

(One of Worldwide top 10 downloaded papers at SSRN)  

Catching-up by Chinese Multinational Firms Using Network Strategies - Huawei story

Book Chapter In M. Marinov & S. Marinova (Eds.), Successes and Challenges of Emerging Economy Multinationals. U.K.: Palgrave Macmillan.

The Role of Entrepreneurship Education as a Predictor of University Students' Entrepreneurial Intention

International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 10(3): 623-641.

Entrepreneurship Development in China: A Multilevel Approach

Book published by Eindhoven University of Technology (223 pag.) 

Chinese Firms Entering Europe: Internationalization through Acquisitions and Strategic Alliances

Internationalisation Strategy of Chinese Companies in Europe

Zhang, Y. & Filippov, S. (2010). Internationalisation Strategy of Chinese Companies in Europe. Journal on Innovation and Sustainability, 1(1).

Entrepreneurship Development and the Role of Economic Transition in Entrepreneurial Activities

Zhang, Y. & Duysters, G (2010). Entrepreneurship Development and the Role of Economic Transition in Entrepreneurial Activities.  United Nations University-MERIT Working Paper 2010-036. United Nations.

Alliance-Based Network View on Chinese Firms' Catching-up: Case Study of Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.

Zhang, Y. & Duysters, G (2010). Alliance-Based Network View on Chinese Firms’ Catching-Up: Case Study of Huawei Technologies Co.Ltd. Journal on Innovation and Sustainability, 1(2).

Student Network Centrality and Academic Performance: Evidence from United Nations University

Zhang, Y. (2009). Student Network Centrality and Academic Performance: Evidence from United Nations University. United Nations University-MERIT Working Paper 2009-034. United Nations.

Internationalization of Chinese Firms in Europe

Zhang, Y. & Filippov, S. (2009). Internationalization of Chinese firms in Europe. In United Nations University-MERIT Working paper 2009-041. United Nations.

A different look at inward FDI into China

Zhang, Y. (2009). A different Look at Inward FDI into China. In . United Nations University-MERIT Working paper 2009-060. United Nations.

Opportunity and Challenges to Cooperate with Chinese Entreprises: Based on Strategic Technology Alliances between Western and Chinese

Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation on the Core Competence of Entreprises in Shaanxi Province

Zhang, Y. (2007). Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation on the Core Competence of Enterprises in Shaanxi Province. In Statistics and Decision (Chinese Journal), 2007(3). Academic Output for the project sponsored by China National Social Science Funding in 2007.

How does the state asset is drained in the public transportation industry in China?

Zhang, Y. (2005). How does the state asset is drained in the public transportation industry in China? In Contemporary Economics (Chinese Journal), 2005 (13).

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